Jacob Appelbaum on Americans’ false belief that the NSA isn’t targeting them

Jacob Appelbaum on Americans’ false belief that the NSA isn’t targeting them
Aug 28 2014
<https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=JyT7yzap1Wc>

Al Billings writes, “Jacob Appelbaum discusses the fallacy of Americans thinking that they won’t be targeted, passive and active surveillance methods, AI and human analyst systems working together, satellite networks, deep packet inspection & injection, military contractors getting special access to surveillance programs, proprietary vs open source software, OTR messaging, hoarding exploits for self-gain.”

This is a tremendous hour’s worth of technical explanation, recorded before a South African audience, featuring political smarts, stinging invective, and suggestions for future directions. Appelbaum isn’t just explaining how fucked we are because the Internet has been subverted to serve as a snoop’s surveillance fever dream — he’s also explaining how we can fight back and win.

Video: 1:03:58 min

Ohio lawmakers want to limit the teaching of the scientific process

Ohio lawmakers want to limit the teaching of the scientific process
Sponsor endorses ID, wants to bar “political… interpretation of scientific facts.”
By John Timmer
Aug 26 2014
<http://arstechnica.com/science/2014/08/ohio-lawmakers-want-to-ban-schools-from-teaching-scientific-process/>

Science educators have recognized that teaching science as a large compendium of facts, without reference to the scientific process and theories that bind them together, simply leads to uninterested and uninformed students. So it’s a bit mind-boggling to discover that an Ohio state legislator is attempting to block educators from teaching anything about the scientific process. And for good measure, the bill’s sponsor threw politics and creationism into the mix.

The bill, currently under consideration by the Ohio Assembly, is intended to revoke a previous approval of the Common Core educational standards, which target math and literacy. However, the bill’s language also includes sections devoted to science and social studies. And the science one is a real winner:

The standards in science shall be based in core existing disciplines of biology, chemistry, and physics; incorporate grade-level mathematics and be referenced to the mathematics standards; focus on academic and scientific knowledge rather than scientific processes; and prohibit political or religious interpretation of scientific facts in favor of another.

Specifically prohibiting a discussion of the scientific process is a recipe for educational chaos. To begin with, it leaves the knowledge the kids will still receive—the things we have learned through science—completely unmoored from any indication of how that knowledge was generated or whether it’s likely to be reliable. The scientific process is also useful in that it can help people understand the world around them and the information they’re bombarded with; it can also help people assess the reliability of various sources of information.

Prohibiting “political or religious interpretation of scientific facts,” however, opens up a large can of worms. People who believe the Earth is less than 10,000 years old frequently claim that they work with the same facts as actual geologists and biologists; they simply interpret them differently. Although the wording of the bill is vague, it could be interpreted as blocking educators from pointing out how completely inconsistent with the data this interpretation is, or prevent them from describing how the evidence favors a four-billion-year-old Earth.

[snip]

I could have been Mike Brown': your stories of racial profiling by the world’s police

I could have been Mike Brown': your stories of racial profiling by the world’s police
By Tony Messenger in St Louis and Matt Sullivan in New York
Aug 29 2014
<http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/ng-interactive/2014/aug/29/-sp-mike-brown-stories-racial-profiling-police>

Hands up. Don’t shoot. The image of black men and women repeating this simple action at protests in Ferguson, Missouri – and across the globe – generates its power from what happens before that moment.

In Ferguson and too many places, police are more likely to pull over people of color for driving – indeed, often for simply being a person of color.

But there is lasting power in the stories people never forget. They are stories of “broken” taillights, of police brutality that doesn’t show up in an arrest report because there never was one, of no justice because nobody knew where to turn.

To help reach beyond Ferguson, the opinion departments of Guardian US and the St Louis Post-Dispatch partnered to gather hundreds of reader experiences. Our hope is that this sampling will help spur empathy – and then action, everywhere. These are your stories, lightly edited for space, privacy and clarity, and your hope for what’s next.

[snip]

Google Reveals ‘Project Wing,’ Its Two-Year Effort to Build Delivery Drones

Google Reveals ‘Project Wing,’ Its Two-Year Effort to Build Delivery Drones
By CADE METZ
Aug 28 2014
<http://www.wired.com/2014/08/google-reveals-project-wing-its-two-year-effort-to-build-delivery-drones/>

Google X, the tech giant’s “moonshot” lab, has spent the last two years building an aerial drone that can deliver goods across the country. The company calls the effort Project Wing.

Revealed today in a story from The Atlantic, the project is reminiscent of work underway at Amazon.com. Amazon CEO and founder Jeff Bezos revealed the retailer’s drone ambitions this past holiday shopping season during an appearance on the popular TV news magazine 60 Minutes.

“Self-flying vehicles could open up entirely new approaches to moving things around—including options that are faster, cheaper, less wasteful, and more environmentally sensitive than the way we do things today,” a Google spokesperson said in an email to WIRED.

According the company, the Project Wing team recently tested its drone prototypes in Australia, delivering packages to a pair of local farmers. The company said it would not agree to additional interviews about the project. “The vehicle you see in our video is more a research vehicle than an indication of a final decision or direction—as we figure out exactly what our service will deliver and where and why, we will look at a variety of vehicle options (both home-made and off-the-shelf),” the spokesperson said.

A white paper released by the company says that the Google X team first discussed the idea of building flying vehicles in 2011, and that in July 2012, Nick Roy, of the MIT Aeronautics & Astronautics program, joined the company to explore the possibilities. Originally, the paper says, the aim was to use drones to deliver defibrillators to heart attack victims.

[snip]

Netflix asks FCC to stop Comcast/TWC merger citing ‘serious’ public harm

Netflix asks FCC to stop Comcast/TWC merger citing ‘serious’ public harm
By Steve Dent
Aug 26 2014
<http://www.engadget.com/2014/08/26/netflix-fcc-petition-time-warner-cable-comcast/>

As it promised, Netflix has filed a petition to the FCC demanding that it deny the proposed merger between Comcast and Time Warner. The 256-page document claims that it would result in “serious public interest harm,” and no discernible public benefit — two red flags for regulatory bodies. Netflix cited several examples of harm already inflicted on it by Comcast or Time Warner Cable. For one, Comcast has used network congestion as an excuse to “shift Netflix traffic to paid interconnections,” It also argued that data caps have been used as a tactic to deter consumers from third-party streaming companies like Netflix or Hulu.

Netflix wrote that a merged cable giant would have huge leverage over it and other internet companies. It said Comcast and TWC’s claims that there is enough competition in the market are disingenuous, since DSL offerings from AT&T and Verizon are often insufficient for Netflix streaming. It added that TWC and Comcast offer competing paid video-on-demand services over broadband and thus have “incentives to interfere” with third-party companies like Netflix.

It also noted that it’s prohibitively expensive for consumers to switch broadband services, and that even if they wanted to, there are often zero alternatives — a situation that would worsen with a merger. Finally, it complained about the problem of “terminating networks,” or the point at which user data switches from one network to another. It contended that providers can deliberately congest such routes to extract fees — and in fact, currently have no incentive not to.

There are many more arguments listed in the document (at the source), and many are well known to the US public — who have become intensely interested in the merger and net neutrality in general. Naturally, Netflix has its own interests (and profits) at heart, and Comcast and TWC may have a rebuttal to its main arguments. But Netflix’s legal challenge to the FCC is significant, since it (and its customers) may suffer the most from a merger. It has now joined Dish Network in filing a formal brief along with numerous consumer groups

[snip]

Voices From a Virtual Past

VOICES FROM A VIRTUAL PAST
An oral history of a technology whose time has come again
Compiled by Adi Robertson and Michael Zelenko
Aug 24 2014
<http://www.theverge.com/a/virtual-reality/oral_history>

When Facebook bought virtual reality company Oculus in early 2014, virtual reality blew up. While game and movie studios began reimagining the future, others looked back at the “old days” of VR — a loosely remembered period in the 1990s when gloves and goggles were super cool and everyone was going to get high on 3D graphics. But things were never so simple. We spoke to 18 key VR innovators about their work and dreams. What follows is over two decades of memories and visions for what the future could be.

Some people identify the birth of virtual reality in rudimentary Victorian “stereoscopes,” the first 3D picture viewers. Others might point to any sort of out-of-body experience. But to most, VR as we know it was created by a handful of pioneers in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1962, after years of work, filmmaker Mort Heilig patented what might be the first true VR system: the Sensorama, an arcade-style cabinet with a 3D display, vibrating seat, and scent producer. Heilig imagined it as one in a line of products for the “cinema of the future,” but that future failed to materialize in his lifetime.

In 1965, Ivan Sutherland — already known as the creator of groundbreaking computer interface Sketchpad — conceived of what he termed “The Ultimate Display,” or, as he wrote, “a room within which the computer can control the existence of matter.” He demonstrated an extremely preliminary iteration of such a device, a periscope-like video headset called the “Sword of Damocles,” in 1968.

Meanwhile, at the Wright–Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio, military engineer Thomas Furness was designing a new generation of flight simulators, working on a multi-decade project that eventually became the hallmark program known as the Super Cockpit.

A few years later, in the late ’60s, an artist and programmer named Myron Krueger would begin creating a new kind of experience he termed “artificial reality,” and attempt to revolutionize how humans interacted with machines.

[snip]

Internet Archive posts millions of historic images to Flickr

Internet Archive posts millions of historic images to Flickr
Dating from 1500 to 1922, these images are now free and searchable.
By Megan GeussAug 29 2014<http://arstechnica.com/business/2014/08/internet-archive-posts-millions-of-historic-images-to-flickr/>

Earlier this year, communications technology scholar Kalev Leetaru began culling over 14 million images from the Internet Archive’s public domain ebooks and uploading them to the Internet Archive’s Flickr account. As of today, 2.6 million images are now easily searchable and downloadable.

When the Internet Archive originally scanned the books, they used Optical Character Recognition (OCR), which made the book text searchable, but that didn’t mean much if you were looking for images. So Leetaru wrote some software to take advantage of the OCR program that the Internet Archive had used to scan public domain works published and written between 1500 and 1922.

According to the BBC, the OCR program scanned the books and discarded sections of the text that it recognized as images. Leetaru had his software go back and find those discarded portions of text, automatically converting those sections into Jpeg images and uploading them to Flickr. “The software also copied the caption for each image and the text from the paragraphs immediately preceding and following it in the book,” the BBC wrote.

Although the tagging for the images is admittedly imprecise, the potential for such an easily accessible archive is massive. “Any library could repeat this process,” Leetaru told the BBC. “That’s actually my hope, that libraries around the world run this same process of their digitized books to constantly expand this universe of images.”